Fibroids are found in the womb and are also known as uterine myomas or leiomyomas. They are non-cancerous (benign) tumours and very common.
Fibroids can be located in or outside of the womb, which dictates their specific names.
Symptoms can include heavy or painful periods, pain/discomfort in the abdomen or the lower back, a more frequent need to urinate, constipation and pain/discomfort during intercourse.
It is not known why women get fibroids however research shows they are more common in women aged between 30-50. Being overweight or African-Caribbean also increases the likelihood. Finally, fibroids are less common in women who have had children.
Fibroids can be diagnosed in one of several ways:
– Ultrasound scan
– MRI scan
– Blood tests
Depending on your symptoms your consultant will discuss the relevant diagnosis procedure, specific to your needs.
Click here to read about the procedure(s) involved in treating Fibroids. If you would like more information or wish to make an appointment regarding fibroids, please contact us.
There are several treatment options for fibroids. Sometimes fibroids can be removed surgically by passing a slender telescope through the cervix (hysteroscopy) allowing a fibroid which is filling the cavity of the womb to be removed bit by bit. This is called transcervical resection of a fibroid. If the fibroids are bigger or more deeply lying, then a radiological procedure (done in the x-ray department) can be used to block the blood supply to the uterus. This causes the fibroids to shrink, so reducing your menstrual symptoms in that way. Occasionally surgery is required to remove individual fibroids (myomectomy) but occasionally a hysterectomy is required. We will be able to guide you through the appropriate treatment options for your particular circumstances so that you come to the right choice for you.